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Everything you need to know about upcoming economic reforms in Egypt

Since 2016, Egypt embarked on a journey of economic reform supported by the IMF. Here's everything you need to know about it up until now.
© Egypt Business Directory

Egypt has been implementing packages of economic reforms in recent years to boost economic growth and attract foreign investment. Here's what you need to know:

  • Context: In 2016, Egypt started an ambitious economic reform program aimed at addressing structural challenges in the economy and achieving macroeconomic stability.
  •  The reforms: Egypt took measures like floating the Egyptian pound, reducing energy subsidies, implementing VAT, and launching a comprehensive industrialization strategy.
  • The results: So far, the reforms have had positive results. GDP growth is increasing, inflation is moderating, and the budget deficit is declining. Egypt has also seen an increase in foreign investment and an increase in foreign reserves.
  • The challenges: Despite the positive results, there are still challenges for Egypt to overcome. These include high unemployment, income inequality, and the informal economy representing a large segment of the overall economy. The government is working to address these issues through social spending programs and initiatives to promote growth.
  • The future: Egypt is optimistic about its economic growth, with the IMF projecting growth in the coming years. The government is committed to implementing more reforms to strengthen the business environment, attract investment, and create jobs.

Egypt's economic reforms helped stabilize the economy and attract foreign investment. However, there is still a lot of work to be done to ensure that growth is sustainable and inclusive to all segments of society.