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What if Egypt replaced its General Sales Tax (GST) with the Value Added Tax (VAT)?

ECES weighs on the possible consequences of applying VAT or disregarding it and strengthening GST.
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Scenario 1

In this scenario, the government applies the VAT in a transparent and just manner:
- Tax base expands, which leads to an increase of LE 30 billion in government revenues in FY2015/16 (1).
- Non-basic goods and services witness a one-time increase in prices with an expected increase of 2.6 percent in inflation (1).
- An important part of the informal sector becomes formalized through easier processes of billing and refund incentives.
- Double taxation is avoided encouraging more tax compliance.

Scenario 2

In this scenario, the government does not apply the VAT and instead strengthens the current GST:

- GST legislative reforms slightly increase tax revenues by providing incentives for compliant taxpayers and imposing harsher penalties on tax evaders.
- Inflationary expectations are limited.
- Informal sector continues to expand as well as the cash economy.
- Non-uniform tax rates on different goods and services lead to complicated tax administration.

Find more at: http://www.eces.org.eg

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